14 October 1961 – construction of the Avala Tower started
Construction of this facility, which housed a television transmitter and other telecommunications links, was funded by the Belgrade People’s Committee, Belgrade-based company PTT (Postal, telegraph, and telephone service), and public broadcaster Radio Television Belgrade.
May 1965 – The original tower commissioned
Avala Tower was designed by Uglješa Bogunović and Slobodan Janjić, and engineered by academician Milan Krstić. Construction works were executed by construction company “Rad”. It was 202.87 m high, and incorporated as much as 4000 tons of reinforced concrete, allowing the tower to “walk” over a range of up to one meter when the squally, southeastern Košava wind would blow. The 60-meter high antenna, weighting 25 tons, was successfully erected by the experts of “Goša” from Smederevska Palanka. All the works, including erection of the TV and radio antenna, and construction of a restaurant, were completed in May 1965, when the tower started operating.
29 April 1999 –tower destroyed in NATO bombing
Regrettably, the tower pride of Belgrade, architecture and construction skills, was pulled down by NATO aircrafts in the bombing of 29 April 1999, whereby the Avala Tower became the tallest building in the world to be pulled down, until this infamous title was taken over by the destroyed World Trade Centre in New York. Its pillars were hit several times, and it fell over stretched in the entire length across the driveway that led into the tower.
May 2005 – construction of a new tower began
Removal of the remains of the tower structure began in May 2005 and lasted two months. Decision was made to reconstruct this important landmark of the Serbian capital. The CIP Institute provided the design, having worked from August to December 2005, the initial funds were raised, and on 11 December 2006 a construction contract was signed between the national Directorate for Property, RTS, and “Ratko Mitrovic” company . Construction of a new tower began in late 2006.
21 April 2010 – opening of the new tower
Almost exactly at the 11th anniversary of the bombing, on 21 April 2010 a new Avala Tower was opened, modeled after the old one, which still stands as a symbol of Belgrade. It is 204.57 m high, and hosts a coffee-bar at 119 meter and an observation platform at 122 meters. Thus the original, pulled down Avala tower got its successor. Today it is one of the most important and most modern telecommunication facilities in Serbia.
21 March 2012 – initial (pilot) digital-signal network commissioned
On 21 March 2012, Serbia joined most European countries that undertook switch from analog to digital broadcasts, having commissioned on that day a network of digital transmitters. Thereby Serbia officially started its switch from analogue to digital broadcasting of TV programs through a network of terrestrial transmitters. The digital signal from the initial network covered about 40% of the Serbian population.
30 March 2015 – beginning of digital signal transmission
A new digital era for 2.5 million citizens of Belgrade and its surroundings started on 25 May 2015, when at the Broadcasting Station Avala a digital TV transmitter was commissioned and the analogue TV transmitter decommissioned. As of then, citizens could watch 22 television channels, of which 16 local and regional, and six with national coverage.